Elaine Abrams, MD, is a professor of epidemiology and pediatrics at Columbia University and the senior director for research at ICAP. At ICAP Dr Abrams leads a large and varied research portfolio that addresses critical scientific questions in HIV prevention, care and treatment. She is also responsible for the development and implementation of pediatric and perinatal prevention initiatives within ICAP supported programs across sixteen Sub Saharan African countries. Dr Abrams has been an active investigator in the field of maternal-infant HIV transmission and the natural history of HIV disease in infants, children and youth children since the recognition of the epidemic in the United States. She developed a comprehensive research and care program for woman and children with HIV infection in Central Harlem, the Family Care Center; has been actively involved in the development of international, national guidelines for HIV care and treatment; has conducted multiple studies in the area of maternal and child HIV; mentors junior investigators and scholars in the US and Sub Saharan Africa. She is currently the chair of the HIV treatment scientific committee of the NIH funded IMPAACT clinical trials. She was also co-chairs the World Health Organization 2015 ARV clinical guidelines group.