Dr. Koup is a Senior Investigator and Chief of the Immunology Laboratory at the Vaccine Research Center (VRC) within the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases in Bethesda, Maryland. Dr. Koup has spent most of his career studying the protective role of HIV-specific cellular immunity. His specific research involves the characterization of T cell factors that are involved in the control of HIV replication, in order to inform the development of vaccines which induce such responses. He has published over 240 invited and/or peer-reviewed manuscripts on this and related topics, and has mentored 35 graduate and post-graduate students in his career. He serves as an Editor for PLoS Pathogens and on the editorial boards of several other scientific journals.