Sharon Lewin is an infectious diseases physician and basic scientist. She is Director of the Department of Infectious Diseases at The Alfred Hospital and Monash University and co-head of the Centre for Biomedical Research, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Australia and an Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Practitioner Fellow. She completed her medical degree and PhD at Monash University, Melbourne and her post-doctoral fellowship at Rockefeller University with Professor David Ho. Her laboratory focuses on understanding how HIV persists in patients on antiviral therapy, strategies to cure HIV infection and the pathogenesis of HIV-hepatitis B virus co-infection. She is a past president of the Australian Society for HIV Medicine (2005-2007) and a member of the Ministerial Advisory Committee on Blood Borne Viruses and Sexually Transmitted Infections, the peak advisory body on HIV-related issues to the Australian government. Together with Nobel Laureate Francoise Barre Sinoussi she will co-chair the XXth International AIDS Conference (AIDS2014) which will be held in Melbourne July 2014. This conference is expected to attract 18,000 delegates and will be the largest medical conference ever held in Australia.